The Taste of Summer

Untitled Document

As far as Sarah O’Neil is concerned, summer only means one thing...

If I was only allowed to use one word to describe summer, I would be spoilt for choice. I could choose: holiday, beach, swimming, Christmas, cicadas, hot, pohutukawa, sunscreen, jandals, BBQs, parties, sunsets, camping or even fishing.

But I am a gardener so while all these words evoke all that it wonderful about a season of basking in the heat of the sun, festivities and frivolities, and relaxing and unwinding; for me there is without any doubt one single word that encapsulates summer and that is: TOMATO.

There is something about the strange smell the plant gives off – the scent of anticipation. Soon there will be tomatoes ripening within the branches – that have been kissed by the warmth of the sun.

Then the moment arrives at the height of summer with the picking of that first tomato.  It is such a magic moment.  Weeks have been spent watching it turn from a yellow flower to a small green button, expanding day by day and then developing a rosy red glow.  That first tomato shouldn’t be gobbled down greedily, it should be savoured.   The flavour and the textures should dwell on the palate… this isn’t any old tomato – it is the first of the season – the first of summer. And you grew it and it is special.

This pleasure is something that can be enjoyed by anyone, whether you have an acre or a grassless courtyard.  While they can be grown simply by digging a hole in the ground and popping it in, these days this isn’t an option open to everyone.  But all is not lost – they make excellent container plants and they have even been known to grow by hanging upside down in a special planter designed for the task.  Whatever your space there is a tomato for you.

That first tomato is only the beginning of the harvest, it is soon joined by a second and an third and then a red avalanche of more tomatoes that you feel you can keep up with.  These ones can be gobbled up greedily one after another, letting the juice run down your arm as you reach for the recipe books looking for ways to use them up - relishes, sauces, salsas and even jams?   This allows you to enjoy tomatoey goodness in the middle of winter.  Or you could share the load and take some to work or to your neighbours and show off just a little:  “Why yes – I grew them.  Aren’t they great?”

There is heaps of time, so head on down to your nearest garden centre and pick up a tomato plant or two and maybe even a basil plant, because I can assure you that tomato, basil, mozzarella and splash of extra virgin olive oil is a deliciously simple salad made all the better for having the freshest tomatoes and basil that have been just picked and chopped and are still warm from the sun.  Yum - I can’t wait!

Kiwi favourites to plant now

Money Maker – A time honoured (1897) heavy cropper. Tasty and disease resistant.
Sweet 100 –long trusses bear up to 100 small sweet tomatoes, full of flavour.
Russian Red - reliable heavy cropper. Tall grower for a wide range of climates.
Roma – flavoursome low acid, pear shape tomato. Great for sauces.
Beefsteak – large juicy fruit. One slice fills a burger! Perfect for soups and sauces.
Grosse Lisse – medium to large fruit is full of flavour. A tall grower.
Golden Pear Drop – cute little yellow, pear shaped fruit, great for salads.
Dew Drop Cluster – Sweet small to medium sweet fruit. Pick singly or as a truss.
Early Girl – Heavy cropper with dark red fruit that matures early.

Something new

New this year, the ‘Tomaccio’ is not just another cherry tomato, although its high Brix (sugar) level means it’s delicious eaten fresh. As well as being sweeter, it has firmer flesh, so it’s excellent for drying. Simply place full trusses in the oven on a low heat to make sweet ‘raisin’ tomatoes.  Ideal as a lunchbox treat, they can be soaked in oil to plump up into a juicy pre-dinner snack or frozen for later use. Prolific fruiting means loads of surplus fruit to preserve as sweet tomato ‘raisins’.

Tomato basics

To grow beautiful tomatoes you will need…

  1. Warm sunny weather. Tomatoes need a good few months of warm frost-free weather. It’s risky to plant them outdoors before the last expected frost, but do make the most of the growing season by getting them in well before Christmas. November is a great time to plant. Give them shelter from cold winds, but some air movement is important as still humid air invites disease.
  2. Good clean soil (or planting mix). Tomatoes need a well-drained soil that holds a non-stop supply of water and nutrients. Add lots of compost before planting. To minimise disease problems you should plant in soil that has not had tomatoes or any of their relatives (potatoes, peppers, eggplants) grown in it for at least two seasons. If  that’s not possible, dig out the soil and replace it with fresh planting mix from the garden centre or soil from elsewhere in the garden. Alternatively plant your tomatoes in large containers or bags.
  3. Seeds or seedlings. In warm climates it’s not too late to start your tomatoes from seed, but a huge range of tomatoes are available as seedlings or grafted plants. 
  4. Stakes. Install stakes at planting time to avoid damaging the roots later.
  5. Tomato food. Tomatoes love to be fed. Apply general fertiliser or sheep pellets at planting time and then, when the tiny fruit appears, start feeding with a high potassium fertiliser. The easiest way to be sure of the best balance of nutrients, is to use a fertiliser especially made for tomatoes. Home made brews from comfrey leaves (high in potassium) and seaweed are very effective, but care is needed not too make these too concentrated. Fish manure also give good results. Seaweed makes excellent mulch. For tomatoes in containers, mix in slow release fertiliser at planting time and feed weekly with liquid fertiliser.
  6. Water. Tomatoes need constant moisture. Water new plants an hour or so before planting. Water again after planting and finish off with organic mulch to conserve moisture. Once plants are growing strongly, deep infrequent watering is better than a daily sprinkle. Thoroughly soak the ground to train roots to grow deep into the soil.

If you don’t have enough space in the garden to grow tomatoes, try them in containers instead. For best resluts plant in large containers and water and feed often.

Tomato training

As your tomatoes grow they need training to get the best yields and reduce disease problems…
Tall varieties that produce fruit continuously over many weeks are best trained on stakes or wires to encourage manageable upright growth. Remove the little side shoots (called laterals) that appear between each leaf and the main stem. Do this every few days as the plant grows, lightly tying the new top growth to the stake with flexible ties (old nylon stockings cut in strips are ideal). Guard against disease entry by removing laterals only on a dry sunny day.
When the plant has reached the desired height or has a dozen or so good trusses of fruit, remove the growing tip at the top of the plant. This diverts energy back into the developing fruit. Although the plant needs its foliage to make energy for growing fruit, removing lower leaves helps promote air circulation.
Dwarf varieties yield one main crop all at once. They’ll produce more fruit without pruning, but foliage that becomes diseased or overcrowded should be removed. Protect the fruit from contact with the soil by planting through weed mat or mulching with straw. Alternatively, grow them in containers.

Tomato troubles

To spray or not to spray? The decision is yours. In warm humid conditions tomatoes invite a range of of diseases and your garden centre can help you choose a remedy. However, you can at least cut down on spraying by giving them the best soil, water and feeding for strong vigorous growth and by taking some preventative measures:

  • Start with a disease resistant variety. Buy fresh seed or seedlings from a reputable supplier. Seed saved from a previous crop may carry over disease to the next crop. Grafted tomatoes have disease resistant rootstock.
  • Don’t plant tomatoes in the same soil in consecutive years (see point 2 above). Never remove tomato laterals on a wet or humid day.
  • Remove lower leaves if they become diseased. This also helps with air circulation. Dab with Yates Tomato Dust when removing laterals or cutting off leaves.
  • Avoid overhead watering. Apply water at ground level. Mulch to cut down on watering and deter weeds (which harbour disease!).
  • Spray regularly with copper to prevent disease, especially in humid conditions.
  • The tomato psyllid is a serious pest of tomatoes, potatoes, and capsicums, which is almost impossible to control without spraying. The insects suck the sap from the plant while infecting it with a harmful bacteria. The first symptoms are yellowing, stunted and curling top leaves. Flowers fall and fruit is small and misshaped. Spray with Yates Mavrik.

 

Look for these products, tips and advice at a Go Gardening Store near you.



30-Oct-2015

 

tomaotes
ripening truss of tomatoes

tomatoes
summer harvest